caroline class light cruisers

However, these conversions were delayed; the conversions of Cairo and Calcutta did not start until 1938. Upon commissioning, she joined the Grand Fleet based at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands, serving as leader of the 4th Destroyer Flotilla. Includes Caroline, Calliope, Cambrian, Centaur, Caledon, Ceres, Carlisle sub-classes. The Caroline class were all ordered in July and August 1913, as the first six of eight "light armoured cruisers" under the 1913 programme. The rest of the ships used either two or three 3-inch (76 mm) guns. Project history: Another eight 'light armoured cruisers' were approved for the 1913 Programme, but the last two were completed to a different design.In essence the Arethusa design was repeated but 3m … The aim was to convert all 13 cruisers of the late C (Caledon, Ceres and Carlisle) classes. She was part of the Carlisle group of the C-class of cruisers. HMS Caroline remained the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve drill ship in Alexandra Dock, Belfast until 31 March 2011, when she was decommissioned. The year also saw ships of the class involved in action at the Second Battle of Heligoland Bight. That same year, Caradoc intercepted the German tanker Emmy Friedrich, whose crew subsequently scuttled her. Their aft 6 in guns were superfiring; the class had three funnels. They were commissioned in mid to late 1915, as modifications to the Caroline subclass with higher speeds, a more efficient boiler layout and a reduction in the number of funnels to two. As Belfast developed into a major naval base during the Second World War, its headquarters outgrew the confines of HMS Caroline herself and occupied different establishments in various parts of the city. She is also one of only three surviving Royal Navy warships of the First World War, along with the 1915 monitor HMS M33 (in Portsmouth dockyard), and the Flower-class sloop HMS President, (formerly HMS Saxifrage) usually moored on the Thames at Blackfriars but as from February 2016, in Number 3 Basin, Chatham. These ships were very "wet" forward, which was remedied in the subsequent Carlisle sub-class with the addition of a "trawler bow". Name ship of her class… Five Oerlikon 20 mm cannons were added to all ships. HMS Centaur. 10 posts • Page 1 of 1 Their propulsion was slightly different from the previous sub-classes. Built Cammell Laird, laid down … They had an armament of five 6-inch (152 mm) guns in single mounts, while their secondary armament consisted of two 3-inch (76 mm) guns, four 3-pounders and two 2-pounder guns. C-class cruisers also took part in the campaign and evacuation of Crete, coming up against heavy German opposition from the air. Coventry and Curlew were given ten QF 4 inch Mk V naval gun for their AA role, disposed in single mounts one forward, three on each beam and three aft. The C class was a group of twenty-eight light cruisers of the Royal Navy, and were built in a sequence of seven groups known as the Caroline class (six ships), the Calliope class (two ships), the Cambrian class (four ships), the Centaur class (two ships), the Caledon class (four ships), the Ceres class (five ships) and the Carlisle class (five ships). The Pursuit-class light cruiser resembled a small variant of the more common Star Destroyers that the Galactic Empire used, though the main hull was a rather flat, square-bowed platform instead of a deep-keeled dagger. Three ships underwent extensive rebuilds during the 1930s, becoming anti-aircraft (AA) cruisers, resulting in all previous armament being removed. All the AA cruiser conversions followed a similar pattern to that of HMS Curacoa (D41).[4]. In March 1916, Cleopatra rammed and sank the German destroyer G.194 while she covered a raid at Tondern. Second class cruisers Light cruisers Third class cruisers Scout cruisers Introduction. Caroline class light cruisers HMS Caroline, Carysfort, Cleopatra, Comus, Conquest, Cordelia Laid down 1913-1914, completed 1914-1915. The Caroline, Cambrian and Centaur classes were all scrapped or consigned to minor roles, such as training ships, by the 1930s. She came out of reserve in February 1924 to become a headquarters and training ship for the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve's Ulster Division at Belfast, Northern Ireland,[5] officially beginning those duties on 1 April 1924. Their main armament consisted of five 6-inch (152 mm) guns, while their secondary armament consisted of two 3-inch (76 mm) weapons, of which a further one was later added to Ceres herself. Caroline was commissioned on 4 December 1914 and served in the North Sea throughout the First World War. The light cruiser had a docking bay capable of launching s… Cardiff and Ceres were to have undergone the same conversion, but this was prevented by the outbreak of war. Built Hawthorn Leslie, laid down February 1914, completed June 1915. The surviving ships of the class saw World War II, undergoing a number of modifications along the way. Curacoa was sunk after colliding with the ocean liner RMS Queen Mary on 2 October 1942. They also had increased belt armour; Champion had just two screws. Caroline Class Light Cruisers. [13] While the US had also focused more on Heavy Cruisers, Britain had created several classes of Light Cruisers post WW1, however the Mogami class spurred both to action, with the US producing the Brooklyn and Cleveland classes and British three batches of the Town Class … The ships were Coventry, Curacoa and Curlew, with Curacoa being the last of the three to be rebuilt in 1939; the other two ships having been converted in 1935. The ships' main armament consisted of eight 4-inch (102 mm) guns in four twin turrets with varying numbers of 20 mm Oerlikons being added. In 1938, because of a shortage of this weapon, the aft pom-pom was removed and fitted on another ship, being replaced by two quadruple 0.5-inch (13 mm) Vickers machine gun mounts. She served as a static headquarters and training ship for the Royal Naval Reserve, based in Alexandra Dock, Belfast, Northern Ireland, for the later stages of her career. No C-class ships were lost during the First World War; however, in December 1918, Cassandra hit a mine and subsequently sank. They had a main armament of five 6-inch (152 mm) guns and a secondary armament of two 3 in guns, as well as an AA armament of four 3 pounder guns. [Note 1], Among warships afloat, the oldest steel warship appears to be the Netherlands ironclad turret-ram, http://www.nmrn.org.uk/exhibitions-projects/hms-caroline, "HMS Caroline options considered by Royal Navy museum", "Historic warship HMS Caroline set to leave Belfast", "HMS Caroline WWI warship to stay in Belfast", "Historic warship HMS Caroline gets £845,600 boost", "HMS Caroline: First World War's last surviving battleship docked in Belfast is to be transformed into a floating museum", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Jane's Fighting Ships for 1919 – Caroline-class, Battle of Jutland Crew Lists Project - HMS Caroline Crew List, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Caroline_(1914)&oldid=998964242, World War I cruisers of the United Kingdom, Ships and vessels of the National Historic Fleet, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 420 ft (128.0 m) (446 ft (135.9 m) overall), carried 405 tons (772 tons maximum) of fuel oil, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 21:16. [3] Caroline was part of the early sub-set of C-class light cruisers built without geared turbines[4] and subsequent comparisons with later vessels of the same class demonstrated the superiority of geared propulsion. A number of ships took part in the Norwegian campaign in 1940. This class is sometimes considered part of either the Cambrianor Calliopeclasses (it is … Although no longer capable of making way under her own power, Caroline remains afloat and in excellent condition. HMS Calcutta was a C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, named after the Indian city of Calcutta. In June 2016, HMS Caroline was opened to the public as a museum ship and forms part of the National Museum of the Royal Navy. She was not normally open to tourists, although entrance was gained during the annual RMS Titanic celebrations. Six ships of the C class were lost during the war: Calcutta was attacked and sunk by German aircraft during the evacuation of Crete on 1 June 1941; During the First World War, the ships of the class underwent a variety of alterations, including the removal of the 4-inch (102 mm) guns in Caroline, Carysfort and Comus, being replaced by two extra 6-inch (152 mm) guns, while Cleopatra, Conquest and Cordelia retained one or two of the 4-inch (102 mm) guns, with two 2-pounder guns being added to some of the ships. Their anti-aircraft (A/A) weaponry consisted of four 3-pounder. Coventry and Curlew first had all armament removed. She is the last survivor of the Battle of Jutland. The Caroline Class Light Cruisers were approved as part of the 1913 naval programme. During the early part of the Second World War when RAF Belfast occupied Sydenham (Belfast harbour) airfield, Fleet Air Arm personnel based there were lodged under HMS Caroline. In mid-1939, Carlisle and Curacoa went in for their conversions, but the work ceased on the outbreak of war. They were built for the rough conditions of the North Sea, and proved to be rugged and capable vessels, despite their being somewhat small and cramped. Caroline class light cruiser, launched September 1914, broken-up in 1931. Cairo was sunk on 12 August 1942 by the Italian submarine Axum during Operation Pedestal (the pivotal resupply of Malta); In 1918, Cardiff had the honour of leading the German High Seas Fleet to the River Forth, where the ships were held before being moved to various other ports. Instead of single 4 inch guns, they were to receive twin HA mounts, except that one mount was given over to a quadruple pom-pom. Caroline herself was decommissioned on 31 March 2011 in a traditional ceremony. It is in fact a very accurate record, from broad on the port bow, of one of the 'Caroline'-class light cruisers delivered from 1914 (with 'Caroline' … Light Cruiser To-Class Abyssal Light Cruiser Statistics HP 39 Firepower 24 Armor 20 Torpedo 28 Evasion 15 AA 12 Aircraft 6 ASW 50 Speed Fast LOS 6 Range Medium Luck 5 Air Power Slots 0 3 Equipment Space 6inch Twin Rapid Fire Gun Mount 2 21inch Torpedo Early Model 2 Abyssal Reconnaissance Plane 2 - Locked - - Light Cruiser To-Class Elite Abyssal Light Cruiser … The ships were launched in 1914 or 1915 and commissioned in 1915. The first such establishment was set up in the Belfast Custom House. The primary armament consisted of two weapons turrets mounted ahead of the superstructure. In 1941, Calcutta and Carlisle took part in the Battle of Cape Matapan, in which a number of Italian warships were sunk. [3], Caroline remained in the 4th Light Cruiser Squadron after World War I and in June 1919 went with the rest of the squadron to serve on the East Indies Station. The six ships of the Caroline class used conventional direct drive turbine engines but Calliope and Caroline each had a different … In 1942, Carlisle took part in the Second Battle of Sirte. She was part of the Grand Fleet's 1st Light Cruiser Squadron from February to November 1915. The Caroline class ships were slightly modified … Caroline was launched and commissioned in 1914. Despite ongoing alterations throughout her lifetime, many parts of the ship still date to when she was originally commissioned in 1914. [1] 52 light cruisers of this class were originally planned, but nine of them were completed as the light aircraft carriers of theIndependence class… All of the class were fitted with geared turbines and only two shafts. HMS Caroline (C-Class Light Cruiser) (1914-1922, 1924-2011) (Ex RN) Contains threads on Royal Navy equipment of the past, present and future. Curlew was sunk by German aircraft off Narvik during the Norwegian campaign on 26 May 1940; They differed from the previous sub-class, with the addition of a "trawler bow" which raised the bow higher, as well as having no conning tower. The Arquitens-class were built on a broad, kite-shaped hull, in line with the Kuat Drive Yards triangular design motif that was also reflected in its contemporaries, the Venator and Acclamator-classes. Their main armament was five 6 in guns in single mounts. They retained the two funnels introduced to the C class by the Cambrians. In the mid-1930s it was decided to modernize and refit the C class cruisers for anti-aircraft work. Despite the extensive damage, Centaur survived and was repaired. Her guns were pooled with those of other decommissioned cruisers and used to reinforce the coastal defences of the Treaty Ports. The deck armour of the earlier ships had been proved ineffective in tests on the earlier Bristol class, and so on the Chatham class … HMS Caroline was built by Cammell Laird of Birkenhead. The main engines were mounted in the superstructure rising above the hull platform at the rear, which was topped by a row of sensor globes. These ships varied in size from the massive battlecruisers developed after 1906, which at over 30,000 tonnes were essentially light … In June 1915 she was commissioned into the 5th Light Cruiser … Quick review of the light cruisers available, requirement get almost 27 kts at trials Bahia class (2) Brazilian (UK built), 3 thousaund tons, 10 4.7 inch gun (5 broadside, 2 fw, 2 aft), 2 18 inch TT, … They both had geared turbines, the first Royal Navy cruisers to be so fitted. An Ultramarines Vanguard-class Light Cruiser in space dock.. A Vanguard Cruiser, also called a Vanguard-class Light Cruiser, is a variant of the standard Adeptus Astartes Strike Cruiser that has … Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}54°36′47″N 5°54′10″W / 54.61306°N 5.90278°W / 54.61306; -5.90278, HMS Caroline is a decommissioned C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy that saw combat service in the First World War and served as an administrative centre in the Second World War. [5] From 1917 until late 1918, she carried a flying-off platform for the launching of Royal Naval Air Service and later Royal Air Force fighters to intercept German airships operating over the North Sea. HMS Caroline, a decommissioned C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy. Their superstructure was also slightly altered. She underwent a refit at Harland and Wolff in Belfast in 1951. Caroline was commissioned on 4 December 1914 and served in the North Sea throughout the First World War. They were later removed, with Canterbury and Champion retaining one single 4-inch (102 mm) gun. Eventually several thousand ratings were wearing Caroline cap tallies. The ships retained the two funnels of the previous two sub-classes. Casablanca, Morocco - September 29, 2019: Compact executive car Mercedes-Benz C-class … Torpedo tubes were removed, and two High-Angle HACS gun directors and a Pom-Pom director added. From 1939 until 1945, during the Second World War, Caroline served as the Royal Navy's headquarters in Belfast Harbour,[5] which was used as a home base by many of the warships escorting Atlantic and Arctic convoys, including Captain-class frigates of the 3rd Escort Group. Upon Caroline's decommissioning in 2011, her future was uncertain. [3] Later on in the Second World War, four 20 mm Oerlikons were added. Caroline remains moored in the Alexandra Dock in the Titanic Quarter in Belfast. They had a main armament at the origin of five 6-inch (152 mm) guns and two-3-inch (76 mm AA) as secondary armament, reinforced with four anti-aircraft 3-… The ships were launched in 1914 or 1915 and commissioned in 1915. They also had underwater tubes rather than the deck mounted weapons of the Caroline subclass and were given two twin deck mounted torpedo tubes during the war but these were later removed to reduce top weight. 27 September 2020 HMS Caroline, a decommissioned C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy Mercedes-Benz C-class. There were depth charge pistol and Hedgehog repair workshops associated with HMS Caroline, some of which would have been on the quays beside her berth in Milewater Basin. Colombo and Caledon went in for their refits in 1942/43 – getting 40 mm Bofors and 20 mm Oerlikons alongside the twin mounts. During the First World War, the ships of the class underwent a variety of alterations, including t… The U.S. Navy designed the Cleveland class of light cruisersfor World War II with the goal of increased cruising range, anti-aircraft armament, torpedo protection, etc., compared with earlier U.S. cruisers. The Caroline class light cruisers were the first “C” class cruisers, of which twenty four ships in seven classes saw service during the First World War. The six light cruisersof the Caroline Class(sometimes called the Comus Class) were completed in 1914 and 1915. [5], The Royal Naval Reserve Unit decommissioned from the ship in December 2009, moved ashore, and recommissioned as the "stone frigate" (i.e., shore establishment) HMS Hibernia. To keep costs down, only limited structural work was carried out, but the masts were altered. The bridge was a small T-shaped command tower positioned atop the hull, flanked by two turret-mounted quad light turbolasers; t… In 1919, Curacoa hit a mine that badly damaged her, but she survived and was repaired. The previous gun directors were removed and replaced with two suitable for anti-aircraft gun control. 1 Characteristics 2 History 3 Appearances 4 Sources 5 Notes and references The cruiser measured 850 meters in length and ran on a Damorian power plant. Note the spray being kicked-up in relatively moderate seas. For the Royal Navy third class cruisers of the late nineteenth century, see, British naval ship classes of the First World War, British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of ship classes of the Second World War, "Historic warship HMS Caroline gets £845,600 boost", https://www.world-war.co.uk/Ceres/ceres_class.php3, https://www.world-war.co.uk/Cairo/cairo_class.php3, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=C-class_cruiser&oldid=991867607, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 5,900 nautical miles (10,930 km) at 10 knots (18.5 km/h), 4,180 tons (standard), 4,950 tons (full load), 5,900 nautical miles (10,930 km) at 10 knots (20 km/h), AA conversions: 3,250 nmi (6,020 km) at 12 kn (22 km/h), Eight 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (4 × 2), This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 05:58. She was laid down on 28 January 1914, launched on 29 September 1914 and completed in December 1914. The two ships of the Calliope sub-class - HMS Calliope and Champion - were the last pair of the eight "light armoured cruisers" to be ordered in July and August 1914 under the 1913 Programme. Built Cammell Laird, laid down January 1914, completed December 1914. She was converted into a museum ship. In 1943, Carlisle was badly damaged by German aircraft, but did not sink. English: The British C-class light cruisers of 1914–17. Also receive files to print HMS … All ships of the class except Colombo and Capetown were converted into AA cruisers in 1939, although Capetown received six 20 mm guns and radar. Another was a move to Portsmouth, with many of her original fittings restored to return her as much as possible to her First World War appearance. The other eleven ships were slightly modified … the Caroline subclass, following on from the developments in the it... 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In 1943, the airfield was transferred to the C class by the outbreak of....

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